Manpower and the Armies of the British Empire in the Two World Wars
Royal Military College of Canada
8-9 November 2018
Raising armies is more than counting people, putting them into uniform, and assigning them to formations. It was, and remains, an exceedingly complex business. It demands efficient measures and processes for recruitment and selection in voluntary military systems and equally efficient measures for registration and assignment in armies built on conscription. It demands training establishments capable of transforming factory workers and farmers into riflemen, in addition to providing them with officers, staffs, and commanders to lead them. It demands balance between the needs of the armed services, industry, and agriculture. And, often overlooked, it demands medical services to mend soldiers when wounded, and programs and pensions to look after them when demobilised. How did the the British Empire and Commonwealth mobilize manpower for the armed services, agriculture, and industry during the two world wars? And how did they care for veterans, both able-bodied and disabled, when the fighting was over?
“Manpower and the Armies of the British Empire in the Two World Wars” will bring together a diverse group of distinguished historians, junior scholars and graduate students to undertake a multifaceted examination of army mobilization for Britain, India, and the dominions. Confirmed speakers include: Gary Sheffield (University of Wolverhampton), Richard Grayson (Goldsmiths, University of London), Kent Fedorowich (University of the West of England), Peter Dennis (University of New South Wales), Jessica Meyer (University of Leeds), Kaushik Roy (Jadavpur University), Jonathan Fennell (King’s College London), Daniel Byers (Laurentian University), Ian McGibbon (Ministry of Culture and Heritage, New Zealand), Ian van der Waag (Stellenbosch University), and Meghan Fitzpatrick (Royal Military College of Canada). The conference organizing committee solicits proposals for papers along the lines of three basic themes: (1) recruitment/conscription and selection, (2) training, employment and the experience of soldiers, and (3) demobilization and veterans’ care. We would also welcome papers that examine manpower in relation to culture, class, gender, race, or disability. Proposals should include a 200-300-word abstract accompanied by a one-page CV. Proposals should be emailed to Symposium-Colloque2018@rmc-cmr.ca no later than 22 June 2018. Cornell University Press will publish the proceedings of the conference.
“Music and the culture of domestic craft in Georgian Britain”
Sunday 13 May 2018
11.30am-4.30pm (registration from 11am)
Foundling Museum, 40 Brunswick Square, WC1N 1AZ
Cost (inc lunch & refreshments):
All attendees should bring a 5-minute presentation, from any discipline and any period covered by the Group, exploring the workshop theme.
Topics can discuss (though are not limited to):
- representations of domestic music-making (in fine & decorative art & in literature)
- material aspects of domestic music
- concepts of art and domestic craft
Please note that due to time constraints, presentations cannot use PowerPoint, instead a handout (25 copies) can be prepared and given to delegate
23RD AUSTRALASIAN CONFERENCE OF IRISH STUDIES ‘Myth and Memory’
27 NOVEMBER TO 30 NOVEMBER 2018, UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY (CAMPERDOWN CAMPUS)
THE ORGANISERS ARE PLEASED TO INVITE PAPERS FOR THE 23RD AUSTRALASIAN IRISH STUDIES CONFERENCE.
WE ENVISAGE THE THEME OF ‘MEMORY AND MYTH’ AS CAPTURING DEBATES IN BOTH MODERN AND MEDIEVAL IRISH STUDIES. OUR CONFERENCE OCCURS AT THE CENTENARY OF A PERIOD OF CHANGE IN IRELAND, DURING WHICH WERE BORN NEW NARRATIVES OF 1916-BOTH AS TRIUMPH AND DEFEAT. THERE WERE INCREASINGLY CONFLICTED MEMORIES OF WW1. THE CULTURAL LIFE THAT SURROUNDED THE CHANGING POLITICAL SCENE INCLUDED MANY REVIVALS OF IMAGERY FROM THE A DISTANT, SOMETIMES MYTHOLOGICAL, PAST, WITH A RENEWED INVESTMENT IN CELTIC ART, LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE.
PAPERS ON THESE THEMES WILL BE ESPECIALLY WELCOMED, BUT CONTRIBUTIONS WILL BE CONSIDERED ON ANY THEME OF IRISH HISTORY, LITERATURE,IRISH LANGUAGE,ARCHAEOLOGY, MUSIC,RELIGION, SPORT, CULTURAL STUDIES, LITERATURE, MUSIC, DANCE, DRAMA, ETC. IN LIGHT OF THE HOSTING OF THE CONFERENCE BY THE CELTIC STUDIES PROGRAMME AT SYDNEY WE WOULD BE VERY GLAD TO WELCOME CONTRIBUTIONS ON MEDIEVAL AND IRISH-LANGUAGE TOPICS. AN IRISH-MEDIUM TIONÓL (SEE SEPARATE CALL FOR PAPERS, BELOW) AND A SYMPOSIUM ON THE IRISH-AUSTRALIAN ART OF THE MELOCCO BROTHERS WILL ACCOMPANY THE CONFERENCE.
THE CONFERENCE IS SPONSORED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY AND ITS CELTIC STUDIES FOUNDATION, ON BEHALF OF THE IRISH STUDIES ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND (WWW.ISAANZ.ORG). IT WILL BE HELD AT THE UNIVERSITY’S HISTORIC CAMPERDOWN (MAIN) CAMPUS, A SHORT DISTANCE FROM THE CITY CENTRE.
THE TIONÓL WILL BE HELD ON THE AFTERNOON OF TUESDAY 27 NOVEMBER 2018. THE MAIN CONFERENCE SESSIONS WILL BE HELD ON 28, 29 AND 30 NOVEMBER 2018.
Proposals for papers, including a title and an abstract of no more than 150 words, should be emailed to Professor Jonathan Wooding.The closing date for abstracts is 12 May 2018. Proposals for themed sessions would also be welcomed. Fáilteofar roimh iarratais do pháipéir acadúla i gcomhair Thionól Gaeilge a reachtáilfear Dé Máirt 27 Samhain 2018, mar chuid den chomhdháil ar Léann na hÉireann. 20 nóiméad a mhairfidh gach páipéar ar leith, móide 10 nóiméad ar a mhéid do dh'ospóireacht ina dhiaidh. Beifear ag súil le hachoimre nach mó ná 150 focal a chuirfear chuig an Ollamh Anders Ahlqvist firstname.lastname@example.org, roimh 12 Bealtaine 2018; beidh áthas airsean aon cheist a fhreagairt.
'Northern Lights: Late Medieval Devotion to Saints from the North of England'
28-30 March 2019, University of Lausanne
Plenary speakers : Julian Luxford (University of St Andrews), Catherine Sanok (University of Michigan), Jocelyn Wogan-Browne (Fordham University)
Despite widespread interest in the cults of northern English saints (600-1200) in the early middle ages, comparatively little work has been carried out on the ways in which these cults evolved between 1300 and 1500. This international conference aims to shed new light upon this understudied period.
Focussed on the cults of Bede’s lauded northern saints (Cuthbert, Hilda, Aebbe, Ninian, Aidan, Oswald, John of Beverley, and others), alongside early post-conquest saints in the same northern tradition (Godric of Finchale, Robert of Knaresborough, Aelred of Rievaulx, William of York, etc.), this conference will examine the ways in which these northern saints were remembered and venerated between 1300 and 1500. Pursuing an interdisciplinary approach, it will take account of new textual, architectural, artistic and liturgical productions, pilgrimage cultures and shrine economies, the relations of these saints to their monastic custodians and local communities, and their utilisation to serve regional and national agendas.
Possible paper topics might include:
- Texts produced about northern saints in Latin, Middle English, or Anglo-Norman in the post-1300 period (new vitae and miracula, short vitae in Latin and vernacular legendaries, literary references, saints’ plays, liturgical offices, hymns and prayers, listing in kalenders)
- The status and utilisation of the writings of northern hagiographers in the post-1300 period (Reginald of Durham, Jocelin of Furness, Aelred of Rievaulx, Geoffrey of Coldingham, John of Tynemouth, etc.)
- The late medieval material culture of northern saints (revisions of shrines and ecclesiastical architecture, new stained glass programmes and panel paintings, statues and manuscript illuminations, movements and locations of relics)
- The contribution of early northern saints to late medieval religious culture in the north (Richard Rolle’s writings and cult, northern religious poems, treatises, and manuscript miscellanies)
- The relation of northern saints to the religious orders curating their shrines (remodelling of cults to serve monastic and mendicant agendas, monastic contention over possession of cults and relics, place of saints in monastic/episcopal disputes)
- The economic and social circumstances of northern cults in the post-1300 period (shrine organisation and revenue, pilgrim numbers and itineraries, saint’s-day fairs and processions, the function of the saint within civic life, secular patronage)
- The relation of northern cults to midland, southern and Scottish cults, and to Scotland and the Scottish border (colloboration, competition, appropriation, cross-border veneration, the function of northern saints in Anglo-Scottish military campaigns)
- The presence of northern saints’ cults in continental Europe and Scandinavia (texts, churches, relics)
- The relation of northern saints’ cults to late medieval constructions of ‘northernness’, ‘Englishness’, and other categories of ethnicity
- The extent to which northern saints’ cults mediate local, regional or national interests, and the interplay between those interests
- The degree to which northern saints follow or modify normative hagiographical constructions of gender (what is northern saintly masculinity/ northern saintly femininity?)
- The relation of northern saints to the physical environment (the northern landscape, birds and animals, the North Sea, rivers, natural territorial boundaries)
If you are interested in applying to give a 20-minute paper, please send a 250-word abstract and brief CV to Christiania Whitehead and Hazel Blair by 15 September 2018.
The conference will include optional cultural and historical outings in the Vaud and Valais regions of Switzerland. Full details to follow on the webpage. Conference registration will open in summer 2018.
The conference hashtag is #Lights19. You are warmly invited to follow us on Twitter @NorthEngSaints.
From “Old Corruption” to the New Corruption? Public Life and Public Service in Britain, c. 1780–1940
Oxford Brookes University
24-25 January 2019
Keynote speakers: Professor Graham Brooks (University of West London); Professor Angus Hawkins (University of Oxford); Dr Kathryn Rix (History of Parliament)
Context and aims: The problem of “corruption” has proved decidedly more tenacious than post-war theorists of modernization had once predicted. This much is evident globally, where corruption constitutes one of the most pressing problems facing emerging democratic states; but it is also evident in established, Western-style democracies, which remain gripped by recurrent scandals regarding the abuse of public office and widespread concerns about the decay of public life. Scholarship on corruption has flourished; and although much of this has focused on the present, historians have begun to grapple afresh with its multiple manifestations and meanings in the past, reaching back to the early modern period and beyond.
This conference seeks to revisit the wide-ranging struggles against corruption in Britain during the period c. 1780 to 1940, ranging from the conduct of ministerial office and central administration to parliamentary, electoral and local government reform. The period is still considered crucial in terms of the demise of forms of corruption inherited from previous centuries—“Old Corruption”—and more broadly Britain still holds a pre-eminent place among those nations that first embraced modern values of public service and accountability. Yet, beyond the struggles to enact particular reforms and their peculiarly British realization, it is also clear that the very meaning of “corruption” was transformed in the process, as new problems, anxieties and scandals arose regarding the boundaries between the public and private interests of ministers, officials, councillors and MPs—and all in the context of an emerging market-driven, “mass society” that was at once more bureaucratic, democratic and industrialized. Arguably, the problem of corruption was less conquered than refashioned and revitalised, opening up a culture of public vigilance, suspicion and even cynicism that still prevails today.
In sum, the aim of the conference is to:
- encourage a more integrated approach to the study and conceptualisation of political and administrative corruption during the period when Britain became a mass democracy
- open up new historical perspectives through which we might better grasp the present
Format and themes: This will be a two-day conference: 24-25th January, 2019, held at Oxford Brookes University and is supported by Newman University, Birmingham, and the History and Policy Unit, King’s College, London.
Papers (of 20 mins in length) might include discussion of—but are not limited to—the following subjects:
- Conceptualising and historicising “corruption” over the long-term
- Britain and the British Empire in comparative perspective: cultures of corruption and trajectories of reform
- Conceptions of public service and corruption: office as private property and office as public trust
- Patronage, privilege and salaried service in Whitehall and Westminster: from the Northcote-Trevelyan Report (1854) to the payment of MPs (1911)
- Public and private interests: ministerial and official corruption and scandal
- The business of politics: party financing, party managers and the practice of mass elections
- Class and corruption: aristocracy, plutocracy and democracy
- Corrupt practices and the reform of local government: “Civic Gospels” and “Tammany Halls”
- The role of the national and provincial press in exposing corruption
- Representing and imagining corruption: images, narratives, conspiracies
These should include:
- a brief ‘bio’ (detailing institution, publications, research interests, etc.)
- a proposal/abstract (of roughly 300 words)
The deadline for the submission of abstracts is 29 June 2018. Alternatively, if you are interested in attending as a delegate please email to reserve a place.
The Press and the Vote
Tenth Anniversary Conference, National University of Ireland, Galway, 9-10 November 2018
‘The gallery in which the reporters sit has become the fourth estate of the realm’ wrote Thomas Babington Macaulay in 1843. The role of the press in informing or influencing, misleading or educating voters has been debated before and since Macaulay’s statement. In 2018 the question of the role and influence of the established press in referendums and elections is as relevant as ever. Marking the centenary of the 1918 general election in Britain and Ireland, 2018 presents a pertinent point to examine these questions.
Held in the immediate aftermath of the First World War, the 1918 general election was the first under the Representation of the People Act where franchise, with some limitations, was extended to women over thirty and men over twenty-one. In Britain it was a successful election for the wartime coalition government and saw a significant increase in Labour’s share of the vote, though not seats. In Ireland there was a landslide victory for Sinn Féin, who largely wiped out the Irish Parliamentary Party, and went on to form the abstentionist First Dáil. It also saw the first election of a woman to the Westminster parliament, though as a Sinn Féin candidate Countess Markievicz did not take her seat. The parties and perspectives involved in the election all had their supporters and critics in the press: the establishment as represented by the coalition, the Labour movement, the spectrum of radical and socialist organisations, Irish nationalism and the women’s suffrage movement.
The Newspaper and Periodical History Forum of Ireland (NPHFI) invites papers that interrogate the press and the vote from a range of disciplinary perspectives. The focus of papers should be on print media and / or its intersection and interaction with other forms of media insofar as they relate to the history of print.
Papers are not required to specifically address Britain or Ireland, or the 1918 general election; they may address any historical period, up to and including the present day, and any geographical region or regions. Topics that may be addressed include, but are not limited to:
- The press as an institution of electoral democracy.
- The press and electoral propaganda and disinformation.
- The press in landmark votes and referendums.
- The press and post-war elections.
- The press and the extension or restriction of franchise.
- The press and women’s suffrage.
- The Vote as an instrument of social change for the women’s suffragist and labour press.
To submit a proposal please email an abstract of no more than 250 words to the NPHFI secretary, Dr James O’Donnell.
Abstracts must contain a clear title and present clearly the main thesis / argument proposed. Each abstract must also include name(s), affiliation, institutional address and email address(es) of the author(s).
Deadline for submission of abstracts: 7 June 2018.
The Newspaper and Periodical History Forum of Ireland seeks to achieve gender balance on its conference panels and welcomes proposals from researchers of all career stages working in academia, media, and in professional organisations.
Hosted by the Moore Institute in association with the Centre for the Investigation of Transnational Encounters (CITE) and the Irish Centre for the Histories of labour and Class (ICHLC), and with thanks to the support of Gale Primary Sources.
Reformation Studies Colloquium
Deadline: 25 April 2018
University of Essex, Colchester, 30 August - 1 September 2018
The conference, which meets biannually, will bring together established as well as younger scholars studying all aspects of the Protestant and Catholic Reformations in the British Isles and Europe. We invite papers showcasing all aspects of current research into the Reformations and new trends in the fields from all disciplinary backgrounds. Contributions from current research students are especially welcomed. Papers should be about 20 minutes, additional time for discussion will be allowed in each session. To propose a paper please submit a title and a short summary (no more than 300 words) by e-mail no later than Wednesday 25 April 2018. Contact: Dr Tom Freeman, Dr Justin Colson. Please join the Reformation Studies Colloquium mailing list here.